Though the sleeping bag may steal the spotlight when it comes to camping gear, the sleeping pad is no less important. Absolutely necessary to getting a good nights' sleep in the backcountry, sleeping pads are the barrier between you and the cold, hard ground.
Just like everything else in your pack, choosing a sleeping pad that's right for you depends on a few things, like:
- What time of year are you going camping?
- Are you a side-sleeper, or do you sleep on your back?
- Is your pack weight a concern? How about space?
Here's a handy guide for our gear experts on how to pick the right sleeping pad.
TYPES OF SLEEPING PADS
MANUALLY INFLATED SLEEPING PADS
Simple, reliable and light, this type of sleeping pad requires you to blow into a valve or use a pump to inflate them. If you want the lightest pad possible that still has a decent amount of cushion and is suitable for sleeping on your side, this type of pad is the way to go.
Their open-core design, with individual baffles that fill up with air, make these pads lightweight, highly packable, and very cushioned—often being 2.5 to 3 inches thick. Some are also made with a layer of insulating foam or heat-reflecting materials, which makes them suitable for use in cold conditions.
The downfall to any inflated sleeping pad is the threat of them being punctured. Though they are made to stand up to rigorous use, an unseen rock or sharp twig can do some damage. If they do get punctured, a basic repair kit, either included with the pad or purchased after the fact, will patch it up as good as new.
Ideal for: Backpacking, lightweight camping, car camping, and if you're a side sleeper.
SELF-INFLATING SLEEPING PADS
Self-inflating sleeping pads are similar to manually inflated pads, but instead of using a open-core, baffled construction, they have an open-cell foam layer that allows the pad to inflate automatically. When you open the pad’s valve, the open-cell foam expands and fills with air, which minimizes the amount of effort and time involved with preparing your bed for the night.
Some additional manual inflation is required to achieve your desired firmness, but usually just a couple of breaths. Like a manually inflated air pad, you run the risk of puncturing a self-inflating pad, so repair kits are also either included or available separately.
Self-inflating pads and manually inflating pads are very similar and have the same usage, but for ease of use (in a slightly heavier, bulkier package) opt for a self-inflating pad.
Ideal for: Backpacking, canoe camping, overnight hiking trips, car camping, and if the last thing you want to do at the end of a long day is blow up a sleeping pad.
CLOSED-CELL FOAM SLEEPING PADS
The closed-cell foam sleeping pad is the most basic sleeping pad style, made using a dense foam filled with small closed air cells. They will often have a metallic, heat reflective layer on one side of the pad to provide extra warmth. This type of pad is incredibly lightweight, durable, and the most affordable.
They're also great for impromptu breaks—since they don't need to be inflated and deflated (and can't pop), they can be easily thrown anywhere on the ground for a seat while you're eating lunch or when you're taking a siesta during the hottest part of the day.
The major drawback to these is a relative lack of cushion; a closed-cell foam pad only has about a half inch of it. They work best for people who sleep well on their back, since this lack of cushion means side sleepers will deal with uncomfortable pressure points throughout the night.
Since they are only able to be rolled or folded up, you'll have to fasten a closed-cell foam sleeping pad to the exterior of your pack. Though their ultralight weight makes that a relatively small price to pay, if you you foresee hiking on trails that are very closed-in with trees or undergrowth then you may find your pad getting caught up on them, which can be frustrating.
Ideal for: Mountaineering, alpine and ice climbing, bike touring, thru-hiking, ultralight adventures, and if you don't struggle with sleeping on the ground.
SHAPES & SIZING
Sleeping pads come in a variety of sizes to accommodate different needs. They're sized in inches and/or centimeters, so it's easy to determine what size pad you need based on your height.
You should choose a sleeping pad that's a few inches longer than your height, so your feet won’t hang off of the end—it's no joke how much body heat can be sapped away from contact with the ground. People doing long, ultralight trips, or thru-hikers who are willing to sacrifice a little bit of comfort in order to optimize weight and packability will sometimes opt for a smaller pad, then put extra clothes or a pack under their legs.
In addition to length, the width and shape of your sleeping pad is important to consider. Most regular-sized sleeping pads are 20 inches wide with a mummy shape, which serves the average-sized camper well in terms of balancing comfort, weight and packability. If you are a broader person, or feel like you need more space to move around at night, a wider (large sizes of sleeping pads add 5 inches to the width, making them 25 inches wide) or rectangular-shaped sleeping pad may be a better choice.
One feature of a sleeping pad that's easy to overlook is insulation. The air in an inflatable pad or the dense foam in a closed-cell sleeping pad warms with your body heat and insulates you from the cold ground. Some sleeping pads also feature a heat-reflective material in their construction, which directs body heat back toward you rather than transferring it to the ground. Temperature ratings on sleeping bags are made with the assumption you are using a sleeping pad, which underscores their importance.
What is R-Value?
R-Value is a sleeping pad’s ability to insulate its user from the ground. This insulation is measured on a scale from 0 to 6. The higher the R-value, the warmer it will be.
Some manufacturers, like Big Agnes and NEMO, don't use R-values. They opt instead to simply specify a temperature range their pads are suited for. An important thing to remember is R-Value is not an independently verified value. One brands R-Value 2.5 pad may differ from another manufactuers.
BUY THE PAD THAT SUITS YOU
Sleeping is a personal experience and only you truly know what level of comfort you need to sleep soundly. Think about the terrain that you’re going to be sleeping on. If you are going to lay your pad on rough ground, or you know that you can’t sleep without a certain level of cushion under your back, opt for a thicker pad. If you can sleep like a rock in any conditions, go for lighter weight and packability. Likewise, if you're winter camping or mountaineering, make sure you have a pad with insulating properties, like foam or a heat-reflecting inner layer. If you are going to be in a situation where your pad could be punctured easily, choose a closed cell pad.